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All about the topics that interest the celiac. How to lead a good life with celiac disease, without eating gluten. What places and restaurants you can go to if you are celiac and foods that you can drink and which you can not.
The celiacs are characterized by the presence of a variable combination of clinical manifestations related to consumption and intolerance to gluten, although it is not a common disease.
What is Celiac Disease?
Celiac disease (CD) is a chronic, autoimmune disease that first destroys the intestine, and especially affects patients with genetic predisposition. Celiac disease is caused by a permanent intolerance to gluten, which are the set of proteins found in wheat, oats, rye and barley, and all products derived from these cereals. Gluten intolerance causes the body to produce different antibodies that in advanced stages can attack any organ or tissue, so it is not a simple food or digestive problem as was previously thought, and is not considered an allergy, but rather an allergy. autoimmune disease that necessarily requires treatment, because it causes numerous symptoms, and can cause very serious health problems, including cancer of the digestive system, neurological disorders, autoimmune diseases and also osteoporosis.
Many studies have already been carried out, however it is still not easy to identify the Celiac disease or to make a diagnosis of the celiac disease immediately following the analyzes and examinations that are traditionally used to detect the diseases. Many times the symptoms have been associated with other diseases, because of their similarity in symptoms.
Lesions of celiac disease
The lesions that celiac disease causes in the small intestine are the chronic inflammation of the duodenal mucosa, basically formed by lymphocytes, but without affecting the intestinal villi, the atrophy of the villi is rather exceptional. Still a few years ago it was believed that Celiac disease is a rare disease that especially affected children. Today we know that approximately 1 to 2% of the world population suffers from celiac disease, and that it can appear at any age, as long as there is a genetic predisposition or a family history of the disease.
Symptoms of celiac disease
Symptoms of celiac disease include severe malabsorption, with signs of malnutrition and in children stunted growth. Almost all patients at any age have mild or severe digestive discomfort, but many people with celiac disease have no symptoms.
In celiac disease the symptoms can be varied, such as diarrhea, constipation, weight loss or obesity, normal growth retardation, sometimes bulging abdomen. Sometimes there is a relationship with other autoimmune diseases.